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Natural Sciences

Researchers develop a guide to measure the evolution of plants that benefit from others

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Plants that facilitate the survival and reproduction of other species can also make them evolve, something that has been ignored in most studies on the subject. Researchers from the Desertification Research Centre (CIDE, CSIC-UV-GVA), together with scientists from Mexico and Switzerland, have established a guide to study the evolutionary changes of plants that benefit from other plants.

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The effects of stress in mice can help assess whether people are more prone to drug use in adulthood

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The Psychobiology of Drug Addiction Research Unit of the University of Valencia, in collaboration with the Pompeu Fabra University of Barcelona, has analysed the neuroinflammatory and behavioural susceptibility profile of mice exposed to social stress, and how they have reacted to the effects of cocaine. The study presents an innovative classification technique based on whether mice are susceptible or resilient to stress, called SWR. In addition, the results could be evaluated in people in subsequent clinical research. Read More

Noise pollution from local festivities reduces the reproductive success of the House Sparrow

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The Cavanilles Institute of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology of the University of Valencia, in collaboration with the University of Alicante, has studied how noise pollution from the Moors and Christians festivities affects the reproduction of the house sparrow. The study presents a new line of research, since so far there have been very few studies that have focused on loud and intermittent noises of a recreational nature, as is the case of traditional festivals, and the effects they cause on urban fauna. Read More

Chemical analysis of rare earth elements used to learn about prehistoric human activity

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The research group led by Gianni Gallello, from the Department of Prehistory, Archaeology and Ancient History of the University of Valencia, has used the analysis of rare earth elements for the first time to find human activity in a prehistoric cave. Through the analysis of the archaeological strata, with chemical methods, it has been possible to interpret the occupation and uses of the Cocina Cave (Dos Aguas). Previously, the ArchaeChemis group tested it in deposits in Ethiopia and Tanzania. Read More

Children with greater perception and motor skills are less likely to be overweight

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The AIFPS (Physical Activity and Health Promotion) research group of the University of Valencia has carried out a study that has made it possible to develop longitudinal profiles based on real and perceived motor competence (MC), and the physical condition of boys and girls aged 4 to 9. The study highlights the importance of improving the real and perceived MC to develop healthy lifestyles and is aimed at preventing future serious health problems such as obesity or cardiovascular diseases. Read More