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R&I WORLD

Study on tuberculosis in Africa reveals a new lineage in the eastern part of the continent

By | Biomedicine and Health | No Comments

Mireia Coscollá, a researcher at the Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (I2SysBio), a joint centre of the University of Valencia and the Spanish National Research Council, has led a study on the bacterium that causes tuberculosis, one of the 10 deadliest diseases in the world, which proves the existence of a new lineage. After analysing 675 African genomes in an article published in the journal Microbial Genomics, he concludes that the new lineage, named L9, is located mainly in the eastern part of the continent. Read More

Too many bears and penguins: cartoons forget indigenous fauna when they warn of the risks of climate change

By | Natural Sciences | No Comments

Sara Moreno, Tatiana Pina and Martí Domínguez, researchers at the University of Valencia, have shown the over-representation of iconic animals of climate change, such as polar bears and penguins, in cartoons that address the climate emergency. In a scientific article, for which they have reviewed 1,022 of these illustrations, they conclude that, regardless of their geographical origin, cartoonists tend to avoid the use of native animals and show very little biodiversity in their drawings, especially in terms of insects and other invertebrates. Read More

Endangered vultures in southeastern Europe largely threatened due to human activity

By | Natural Sciences | No Comments

Contrary to popular belief, the number of Egyptian vultures dying in Eastern Europe and the Middle East is greater than in sub-Saharan Africa; and half of these disappear due to threats of human origin: electrocution, collision with energy infrastructures, direct persecution or poisoning. This is shown in an article published in the Journal of Animal Ecology with the participation of the Cavanilles Institute of the University of Valencia. Read More

The extinction of larger species threatens the balance between ecological processes on a global scale

By | Natural Sciences | No Comments

A new study shows that large, long-lived, low-fertility living things at risk of extinction, whether plant or animal, are responsible for 80% of the functional diversity in the planet’s ecosystems. The work is published in the journal Science Advances by an international consortium with the participation of the Desertification Research Centre (CIDE, UV-CSIC-GVA). Read More

Researchers improve the algorithm that describes the hydrological changes in Mediterranean wetlands

By | Natural Sciences | No Comments

Researchers from the Cavanilles Institute of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Valencia, in collaboration with the University of Castilla-La Mancha, have perfected the existing genetic programming (GP) algorithms to analyse water fluctuations in the Mediterranean wetlands of the Iberian Peninsula. In an article published in the journal Remote Sensing they have shown that this method improves the existing techniques of water mapping, especially for shallow lakes and temporary wetlands such as the Mediterranean ones. Read More

New photocatalytic and antibacterial materials remove medicines from wastewater

By | Chemistry | No Comments

The Theoretical and Computational Chemistry Laboratory (QTC) of the Jaume I University of Castellón (UJI), in collaboration with the Centre for the Development of Functional Materials (CDMF) of the Universidad Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), has published an article entitled “Selective Synthesis of α-, β-, and γ-Ag2WO4 Polymorphs: Promising Platforms for Photocatalytic and Antibacterial Materials” in scientific journal Inorganic Chemistry, which showcases new photocatalytic and antibacterial materials to remove medicines from wastewater. Read More