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The first wave of COVID-19 worsened the gender gap in scientific production

By | COVID-19, Law and Social Sciences | No Comments

The School of Engineering of the University of Valencia (ETSE-UV) led a study of four European scientific institutions which verified that during the first wave of COVID-19, women around the world saw their research diminished, especially in the 25 to 45 age group. Published today, Wednesday, in journal Plos ONE, the largest study to date on scientific productivity analysed 2,329 journals on the Elsevier platform, with more than four and a half million articles from more than five million researchers.

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Horses were domesticated in the Northern Caucasus steppes and then spread across Asia and Europe

By | Arts and Humanities | No Comments

Researchers from the Milá y Fontanals Institution (IMF) and the Institute of Archaeology (IAM) of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), together with scientists from the Museum of Human Evolution (MEH), the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Extremadura (UEx), the UCM-ISCIII Joint Centre for Human Evolution and Behaviour in Madrid, the Laboratory of Prehistoric Archaeology of the University Jaume I of Castellón (UJI) and the Faculty of Geological Sciences of the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) have participated in the largest genetic study carried out to date, which has made it possible to determine that the horses from which all current domestic horses descend were first domesticated in the steppes north of the Caucasus and, from there, spread to other regions of Asia and Europe. Read More

New research allows blind people to see simple shapes and letters

By | Biomedicine and Health | No Comments

A new brain implant based on intracortical microelectrodes can allow a blind person to see shapes and letters. New research by the Miguel Hernández Univresity (UMH) of Spain shows that the implantation of this micro device in the human brain can be done safely, and that the direct stimulation of the cerebral cortex produces visual perceptions with a much higher resolution than had been achieved until now. The Biomedical Engineering group of the UMH, led by Cellular Biology professor Eduardo Fernández Jover, just published the results of the experiment in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. Read More

New research rewrites the version of the Inquisition on the relations between confessors and devotees

By | Arts and Humanities | No Comments

University of Valencia researcher María Tausiet has analysed the power relations between priests and devotees, and the implication of the Inquisition in hiding them for four centuries. Within the framework of the CIRGEN European project, on gender identities and roles in Europe and America in the eighteenth century, endowed with 2.5 million euros in aid, the expert explains how many abuses and conspiracies were silenced, in order to keep up appearances.

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New research analyses the evolution the last ten thousand years of the hepatitis B virus

By | Biomedicine and Health | No Comments

A study published in the journal Science traces the evolution of the hepatitis B virus from prehistory to the present, revealing dissemination routes and changes in viral diversity. Domingo Carlos Salazar García, researcher from the Prehistory, Archeology and Ancient History Department of the University of Valencia, has participated in this study led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History (Germany). The research uncovers the evolution of the hepatitis B virus since the Early Holocene by analyzing the largest dataset of ancient viral genomes produced to date.

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Chemistry paves the way for the development of intelligent two-dimensional materials for optoelectronics

By | Chemistry | No Comments

A research team from the Institute of Molecular Science (ICMol) of the University of Valencia has just taken a step forward in the field of two-dimensional materials engineering. By incorporating molecular magnetic nanoparticles on the surface of a semiconductor 2D material, they have developed a new self-strainable 2D hybrid material that expands the potential of 2D materials for their application in optoelectronic devices and facilitates their large-scale production. The work has been published in Nature Chemistry. Read More