Category

Biomedicine and Health

New robot helps the elderly exercise and detects underlying health problems

By | Biomedicine and Health, Technology | No Comments

According to the latest report on the evolution of worldwide population submitted by the United Nations, 13% of today’s population is over 60 years of age; and by 2050 this percentage will almost double, reaching 25%. The ageing of society is a reality and technologies are adapting day-to-day to this demographic change.

In this context, researchers of the Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), the Universidad de Alicante (UA) and the Universidade do Minho are working on an interactive robot called Pharos which will help the elderly with their daily household chores. Their work has recently been published in the journal Sensors. Read More

Castellón University group participates in the development of sensors that avoid carbon monoxide, natural gas or bottled gas poisoning

By | Biomedicine and Health, Chemistry, Technology | No Comments

The Theoretical and Computational Chemistry Group of the Universitat Jaume I, led by the professor of Physical Chemistry Juan Andrés Bort, has participated in an international research project for the development of electronic sensors that prevent carbon monoxide, natural gas and bottled gas poisoning. The work has served as a basis for a bill in Argentina to establish the obligatory nature of installing toxic and explosive gas sensors that have a gas cutting mechanism in public spaces. Read More

Hormone helps reverse brain damage caused by obesity

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The Neurobiotechnology research team of the Universitat Jaume I (UJI) in Castellón, Spain, headed by professor Ana María Sánchez, has proven the positive effects of a vegetable hormone, helping reverse brain alterations caused by high-fat diets, type-2 diabetes, obesity and physical inactivity. The results of this work, developed by the Health Sciences Department, have been published in the Molecular Neurobiology journal. Read More

A study by Valencia University specifies the neuropsychological deficits of alcoholic abusers

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A Psychology and Neuroscience team of the University of Valencia has defined the specific neuropsychological profile of men with a history of violence against women in couple relationships who show several patterns of alcohol consumption. The study, published in Alcohol magazine, seeks to facilitate adherence to treatment, as well as the detection of the chances of a relapse of abusers who are brought before a court.

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International team evaluates the use of conservative breast cancer surgery

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Belén Merck Navarro, Medicine professor at Valencia and Castellón’s CEU UCH university is the only Spaniard among the 17 surgeons from 11 different countries that specialise in breast cancer who took part in a clinical trial on the usefulness of 3D images to evaluate the aesthetic results of conservative surgery in breast cancer. Part of the PICTURE Project, financed by the EU’s H2020 programme, professor Merck was a member of the panel of experts who evaluated the advantages of oblique view and image rotation that 3D images offer, compared to the frontal and lateral images available in 2D, to study conservative surgery in breast cancer cases. Read More

Study lays foundations for future medicine design

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A study by the Computational Biochemistry Research Group of the Universitat Jaume I (UJI) of Castellón, Spain, shows that enzyme activity depends on electrostatic properties, as opposed to mechanical ones. The scientists believe this result opens up new possibilities for the use of the enzymes in fields such as biomedicine for designing new medicines, or in biotechnology for the development of artificial enzymes for industrial processes that are more environmentally friendly. Results of this research have been published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society – as well as being featured on the front page. Read More

Neuromuscular changes are to blame for lower-back pain during pregnancy

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One of the most common complications during pregnancy is low-back pain, which affects between 50% and 70% of pregnant women. For the population on the whole, lower-back pain is associated to changes in the spine’s biomechanics. However, these changes had not been comprehensively studied until now in the case of pregnant women. CEU UCH researchers Gemma Biviá and Juan Francisco Lisón, together with Daniel Sánchez Zuriaga, of Valencia University (UV), have analysed the changes to the spine and the muscle groups of the lower back during the last three months of pregnancy, comparing results to the same women after birth and to women who were not pregnant. The results, which help understand the neuromuscular mechanisms that could be behind lower-back pain, have recently been published in two scientific journals: Plos One and The Spine Journal, edited by the North American Spine Society. Read More

Using smartphones to detect strokes

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Researchers of Valencia’s Polytechnic University (UPV) have designed a mobile phone application that enables the early detection of cerebral ictus. By using the sensors available in smartphones, the program – which is in its testing stage – analyses the user’s ability to smile, speech coherence and arm movements; if two of the three are impaired, it automatically sends out a warning message to the emergency services. Their work has been published in the International Journal of Information Management. Read More